What Causes Hair Loss?

Hair loss is something most people hope they never have to face. However, when someone begins to experience hair loss symptoms, they can usually blame it one of a few main causes of hair loss. Hair loss is more common in men than women, but many women also suffer with this condition. Individuals who are more informed may be able to make better decisions regarding hair loss treatment.

Androgenetic Alopecia

Androgenetic Alopecia, also called male or female pattern baldness, causes thinning hair in both men and women. In fact, this is the most common cause of hair loss, and it’s usually a genetic condition. With alopecia, the hair’s growth cycle shortens and the hairs become thinner and weaker. More and more hairs begin to fall out as time goes on, until eventually the individual suffers from a completely or partially bald head. Although this can happen at any age, it’s more common for men and women over the age of thirty.

Scarring (Cicatricial Alopecia)

When considering what causes hair loss in men and women, individuals should determine whether scarring could be a cause. This type of scarring is usually caused by an inflammation or infection that happens on the scalp, which damages the scalp and scars the hair follicle. New hairs are unable to grow in the damaged hair follicles, causing partial or full baldness. Some conditions in which this type of scarring is seen include lupus erythematosus and lichen planus.

Alopecia Areata

What causes hair loss with this condition is unknown for certain, although Alopecia Areata is thought to be an autoimmune disease. While some experts believe this is a genetic condition, some individuals who suffer from Alopecia Areata may also suffer from other autoimmune conditions, including thyroid disease. It’s relatively easy to tell this condition from other types of conditions that cause hair loss, as Alopecia Areata can cause an individual’s hair to fall out and then grow back many times.


The human body reacts differently to various types of stress and shock, and many types of shock can cause hair loss. The roots of the hair respond to the shock by going dormant, and the hairs fall out. After a period of time, the hair follicles become active again and the hair starts to regrow. Extreme emotional distress, stress, vitamin deficiency, sudden restrictive diets, surgery, trauma to the body and metabolic problems can all be defined as what causes hair loss with this specific type of problem.

Traction Alopecia

This is a type of hair loss that is caused by certain hairstyles or wigs. Typically, the hair is pulled too tightly and damage is caused to the scalp and the follicles, which causes hair loss. While this can be annoying, usually once the hair is left alone for a while, the hair starts to regrow. However, using the same hairstyle again could easily cause the hair to fall out again. It’s best if individuals avoid hairstyles that cause Traction Alopecia. Some of those include corn rows or braids that are too tight, dreadlocks, wigs or extensions.

Unfortunately, many individuals will suffer and try to determine what causes hair loss. The good thing is that there are many treatments available for these individuals and with a little research, the right one can be found.

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